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Risk & Resilience
Indicators

Navigate climate volatility with advanced insights into both risk and resilience.

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Climate Alpha reduces the complexity of interpreting and responding to climate volatility.

We gather authoritative raw climate, socio-economic, and market data, and refine it into curated features that offer distilled insights about the impact of climate change on locations.

We then combine related features into thematic indicators for calculations and analysis. The 'Heat' indicator, for example, consolidates features linked to heat risk and is factored into the calculation of a location's value.

Indicators are bucketed into two main categories: Risk and Resilience.

The overall indicator score, a qualitative index of 0-100, profiles a location's relative risk or resilience compared to others.

A risk score of 100 signifies the highest national risk, implying unfavorable future performance.

Conversely, a resilience score of 100 implies the top national resilience, indicating positive performance.

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Risk Indicators
Resilience Indcators

Indicator Specifications

Risk
Indicators


Capture the potential damage from physical climate hazards for any global coordinate based on historical records and projected under multiple climate scenarios.

Data Sources
Each indicator contains the underlying curated features and their values, as well as percentile rankings.

Climate Alpha conducts extensive data engineering to create downscaled climate varialbes from Gobal Climate Models (GCMs).

Climate Change Scenarios
All risk indicators are available under the SSP2-4.5, SSP3-7.0 and SSP5-8.5 pathways.

Delivery
Extract location-specific analytics via our online platform using direct download and/or REST API, AWS S3 Bucket or via Snowflake Marketplace.

Drought Risk

The increasing frequency and severity of dry spells and droughts imposes substantial stress on water systems in the form of reduced fresh water supply and chronic water shortages.​

Curated Features:
Water Quality
Baseline Water Stress
Change from Current Risk

Resolution:
4km
4km
4km

Sources:
WRI Aqueduct
CMIP6 Downscaled Climate Variables

Inland Flooding

Intense precipitation and the increased frequency of storms cause flash flooding that can have a devastating impact on infrastructure and populations, leading to higher insurance premiums, property devaluation and significant costs for adaptation measures.​

Curated Features:
Flood Frequency
FEMA Flood Zone Proximity
Storm Frequency
Storm Intensity
Change from Current Risk

Resolution:
100m
100m
4km
4km
4km

Sources:
FEMA
NOAA
CMIP6 Downscaled Climate Variables

Coastal Flooding

Global sea level rise increases the frequency and intensity of coastal inundations that causes structural damage to property and infrastructure, increases maintenance costs and renders locations uninsurable. ​

Curated Features:
Flood Frequency
Flood Intensity
Storm Surge
Change from Current Risk

Resolution:
4km
4km
25km
4km

Sources:
Deltares
CMIP6 Ensemble

Fire Risk

Both natural and man-made wildfires are amplified by dry spells and heatwaves as well as topographical changes such as urban expansion, damaging property and utilities and causing erosion to economic activity while rendering locations uninsurable.

Curated Features:
Burn Probability
Fire Intensity
Increase in Fire Risk
Change from Current Risk

Resolution:
30m
30m
4km
4km

Sources:
USDA
CMIP6 Downscaled Climate Variables

Hurricane Wind

Warmer ocean temperatures lead to more intense hurricanes and tropical cyclones with stronger winds that cause severe damage to real estate and negatively impact asset valuations. ​

Curated Features:
Hurricane Frequency
Hurricane Intensity

Resolution:
500m
500m

Sources:
NOAA IBTrACS
STORM

Heat Risk

Extreme heat and heatwaves significantly increase the energy consumption required for cooling while also presenting grave risks to public health. ​

Curated Features:
Heatwave Frequency
Heatwave Intensity
Cooling Degree Days
Change from Current Risk

Resolution:
4km
4km
4km
4km

Sources:
CMIP6 Downscaled Climate Variables

Resilience
Indicators

Reveal a location's readiness to absorb shocks as measured by its capacity across a holistic range of attributes that are historically significant and frequently updated.

Data Sources
Each indicator contains underlying curated features and their values, as well as percentile rankings.

Indicator Composition
The composition of the resilience indicators may vary by country in order to include the most relevant features for that location.

Delivery
Extract location-specific analytics via our online platform using direct download and/or REST API, AWS S3 Bucket or via Snowflake Marketplace.

Infrastructure

Dense, high-quality transportation infrastructure and robust public spending generate multiplier effects for locations over time.​

Curated Features:
Transport Node Density
Location Centrality

Resolution:
County or equivalent

Sources:
OpenStreetMap
USGS
US Census

Location Wellness

Healthier communities as measured by longevity and access to healthcare correlate to higher prosperity and increasing property values. ​

Curated Features:
Prevalence of Disease
Access to Healthcare
Life Expectancy

Resolution:
ZIP or equivalent

Sources:
US Census

Economic Momentum

Strong economic foundations in terms of employment, income levels, education and home price ratios indicate higher performance markets.​

Curated Features:
Employment Ratio
Median Income Growth
Education Attainment
House Price to Income Ratio

Resolution:
Census tracts or equivalent

Sources: US Census

Social Robustness

A composite of demographic and socio-economic features captures how well a community can adapt to and recover from climate-related hazards and other disruptions. ​

Curated Features:
Poverty Rate
Health Insurance Coverage
Vulnerable Population

Resolution:
ZIP or equivalent

Sources:
US Census

Energy Reliability

A robust energy grid with minimal power loss and outages is essential to cope with the pressures of population growth, aging power plants and climate related stress. ​

Curated Features:
Power Outages
Power Loss

Resolution:
County or equivalent

Sources:
US EPA

Energy Transition

Reducing carbon emission intensity through efficiency measures and renewable energy generation is crucial for achieving a sustainable low-carbon future.​

Curated Features:
Emission Rate
Renewable Energy Share

Resolution:
County or equivalent

Sources:
US EPA

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