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Risk & Resilience
Indicators

We offer advanced insights into both risk and resilience that deliver credible forecasts of any location.

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Climate Alpha reduces the complexity of interpreting and responding to climate volatility.

We gather authoritative raw climate, socio-economic, and market data, and refine it into curated features that offer distilled insights about the impact of climate change on locations.

We then combine related features into thematic indicators for calculations and analysis.

Risk and Resilience Indicators

The overall indicator score, a qualitative index of 0-100, profiles a location's relative risk or resilience compared to others. The 'Heat' indicator, for example, consolidates features linked to heat risk and is factored into the calculation of a location's value.

Physical Impact scores quantify the relative risk profile of a location expressed as a percentile on a scale of 0-100. A score of 100 signifies the highest possible risk.

Conversely, Resilience-adjusted Impact scores quantify the relative resilience profile of a location expressed as a percentile on a scale of 0-100. A score of 100 signifies the highest possible resilience.

Risk Indicators
Resilience Indcators

GLOBAL RISK INDICATORS

Capture the potential damage from physical climate hazards for any global coordinate based on historical records and projected under multiple climate scenarios.

Drought Icon

Drought Risk

The increasing frequency and severity of dry spells and droughts imposes substantial stress on water systems in the form of reduced fresh water supply and chronic water shortages.​

Curated Features                        Resolution

Water Quality                                          4km

Baseline Water Stress                           4km

Change from Current Risk                   4km

Sources: WRI Aqueduct, CMIP6 Downscaled Climate Variables

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Fire Icon

Wildfire Risk

Both natural and man-made wildfires are amplified by dry spells and heatwaves as well as topographical changes such as urban expansion, damaging property and utilities and causing erosion to economic activity while rendering locations uninsurable.

Curated Features                        Resolution

Burn Probability                                     30m

Fire Intensity                                           30m

Increase in Fire Risk                              4km

Change from Current Risk                  4km

Sources: USDA, CMIP6 Downscaled Climate Variables

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Inland Flood Icon

Inland Flooding

Intense precipitation and the increased frequency of storms cause flash flooding that can have a devastating impact on infrastructure and populations, leading to higher insurance premiums, property devaluation and significant costs for adaptation measures.​

Curated Features                        Resolution

Flood Frequency                                   100m

FEMA Flood Zone Proximity              100m

Storm Frequency                                   4km

Storm Intensity                                       4km

Change from Current Risk                  4km

Sources: FEMA, NOAA, CMIP6 Downscaled Climate Variables

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Hurricane Icon

Hurricane Wind Risk

Warmer ocean temperatures lead to more intense hurricanes and tropical cyclones with stronger winds that cause severe damage to real estate and negatively impact asset valuations. ​

Curated Features                        Resolution

Hurricane Frequency                         500m

Hurricane Intensity                             500m

Sources: NOAA IBTrACS, STORM

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Coastal Flood Icon

Coastal Flooding

Global sea level rise increases the frequency and intensity of coastal inundations that causes structural damage to property and infrastructure, increases maintenance costs and renders locations uninsurable. ​

Curated Features                        Resolution

Flood Frequency                                    4km

Flood Intensity                                        4km

Storm Surge                                           25km

Change from Current Risk                  4km

Sources: Deltares CMIP6 Ensemble

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Heat Icon

Heat Stress Risk

Extreme heat and heatwaves significantly increase the energy consumption required for cooling while also presenting grave risks to public health. ​

Curated Features                        Resolution

Heatwave Frequency                           4km

Heatwave Intensity                               4km

Cooling Degree Days                            4km

Change from Current Risk                  4km

Sources: CMIP6 Downscaled Climate Variables

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

DELIVERY: Extract location-specific analytics via our online platform using direct download and/or REST API, AWS S3 Bucket or via Snowflake Marketplace. ​

 

CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS: ​All risk indicators are available under SSP2-4.5, SSP3-7.0 and SSP5-8.5 in accordance with CMIP6.

DATA SOURCES: Each indicator contains the underlying curated features and their values, as well as percentile rankings.​ ​Climate Alpha conducts extensive data engineering to create downscaled climate variables from Global Climate Models.​

RESILIENCE INDICATORS

Reveal a location's readiness to absorb shocks as measured by its capacity across a holistic range of attributes that are historically significant and frequently updated.

Infrastructure Logo

Infrastructure

Dense, high-quality transportation infrastructure and robust public spending generate multiplier effects for locations over time.​

Curated Features                           Resolution

Infrastructure Quality                    County or

Airport Density                               equivalent

Vehicle Miles Traveled

Public Spending

Source: OpenStreetMap, USGS, US Census

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Social Robustness

Social Robustness

A composite of demographic and socio-economic features captures how well a community can adapt to and recover from climate-related hazards and other disruptions. ​

Curated Features.                          Resolution

Household Debt                                     ZIP or

Poverty Rate                                   equivalent

Health Insurance Coverage

Vulnerable Population 

Source: US Census

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Location Wellness Logo

Location Wellness

Healthier communities as measured by longevity and access to healthcare correlate to higher prosperity and increasing property values. ​

Curated Features                           Resolution

Prevalence of Disease                           ZIP or 

Access to Healthcare                    equivalent

Life Expectancy

Source: US Census

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Energy Reliability Logo

Energy Reliability

A robust energy grid with minimal power loss and outages is essential to cope with the pressures of population growth, aging power plants and climate related stress. ​

Curated Features                           Resolution

Power Outages                                County or

Power Loss                                      equivalent

Source: US EPA

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Economic Momentum Logo

Economic Momentum

Strong economic foundations in terms of employment, income levels, education and home price ratios indicate higher performance markets.​

Curated Features                           Resolution

Employment Ration                           Census

Median Income Growth.                  tracts or

Education Attainment                 equivalent

House Price to Income Ratio

Source: US Census

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Energy Transition Logo

Energy Transition

Reducing carbon emission intensity through efficiency measures and renewable energy generation is crucial for achieving a sustainable low-carbon future.​

Curated Features                           Resolution

Emission Rate                                   County or

Renewable Energy Share            equivalent

Source: US EPA

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

Curated Features

Heatwave Frequency ​

Heatwave Intensity​

Cooling Degree Days​

Change from Current Risk

DATA SOURCES: Each indicator contains underlying curated features and their values, as well as percentile rankings.

INDICATOR COMPOSITION: The composition of the resilience indicators may vary by country in order to include the most relevant features for that location.

 

DELIVERY: Extract location-specific analytics via our online platform using direct download and/or REST API, AWS S3 Bucket or via Snowflake Marketplace.

PRODUCT FEATURES

  • 3 different CMIP6 emission scenarios for 6 different risk categories from the latest downscaled climate models at 25km resolution

  • 6 risk indicator scores that measure the increase in climate-change induced risks in the future for any location in the world in 4 periods: Current, Early Century, Mid Century, and End Century

  • 31 curated climate features that can be used to derive additional insights such as calculating the financial impact of climate change in real estate assets

  • Location Impact coefficients that estimate the aggregated damage to asset value under each climate change scenario by measuring the change in risk in the future compared to the present

DATA TRANSFORMATION PROCESS

Graph Climate Alpha

We curate state-of-the-art climate and geospatial data from authoritative sources such as NASA, NOAA, and ESA

We analyze and transform the collected raw data with domain knowledge into clean and interpretable features. These features allow users to quantify the impact of climate change across different hazard categories.

We construct indexes from the engineered features to help users easily compare the impact of climate change between different locations, and quantify the intensity of impact.

We refer to the last scientific study and our indicators to calculate the estimate financial damage of climate change to a location across different time periods.

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